Maharana Amar Singh
Maharana Amar Singh I, the Maharana of Mewar (16 March 1559-26 January 1620), was the eldest son and successor of Maharana Pratap of Mewar. He was the 13th Rana of Mewar dynasty of Sisodia Rajputs and sovereign of Mewar from 19 January 1597 till his death on 26 January 1620. His capital was Udaipur.
Amar Singh was the eldest son of Maharana Pratap, born to his first woman, Maharani Ajabde Punwar, who was the son of Rao Mamrakh Panwar. He was born in Chittor on 16 March 1559, the same time, when foundation of Udaipur was laid by his forefather, Udai Singh II.
Still, by the time he grew up, Chittor was lost to Akbar in 1567 and his forefather, Udai Singh II had shifted capital of Mewar to Udaipur.
King with Commander
After his coronation, Maharana Pratap waged a war against Mughals and didn’t succumb to Akbar. He fought several wars with them tore-conquer Chittor and other homes lost to Mughals. Amar Singh, being eldest son, came the inheritor-apparent and Napoleon or Rajkunwar.
Amar Singh was trained in military warfare and munitions since nonage. Upon growing up, he proved to be a great legionnaire and general and fought numerous wars with Maharana Pratap against Akbar.
In an incident, the womenfolk of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, along with a Mughal officer, fell into the hands of Amar Singh. He at formerly brought them as captures to Maharana Pratap. At this point of time, Khan-I-Khana was actually on the march against Pratap, and was boarding at Sherpur in order to make medications for an assault against Pratap. Nonwithstanding all this, Pratap rebuked Amar Singh for having arrested ladies of the adversary camp and commanded Amar Singh to arrange for the safe vehicle of the Mughal ladies to their camp. Khan-I-Khana was so affected by this incident that he refused to campaign against such a magnanimous monarch. He solicited Akbar to be relieved of his post and was latterly (in 1581) appointed guardian of Akbar’s own son, Salim. Also it’s believed that the watchword Jo dridh rakhe dharm, ne tahi rakhe kartar was spoken by Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, who’s also known as”Rahim das”in Hindi poetry.
Maharana Pratap failed at Chavand succumbing to the injuries sustained in stalking. While on death- bed he made Amar Singh his successor in front of his chiefs and made them swear to maintain their fight against the Mughals and tore-conquer Chittor.
Amar Singh therefore succeeded Maharana Pratap upon his death on 19 January 1597 and was the sovereign of Mewar till his death on 26 January 1620, as the 13th regent of Mewar dynasty.
He was appointed The Subehdar of Sindhi in 1609. The Rana was serving until his death 1620 After his death Jahangir appointed Kunwar Durjan Singh (The Son of Raja Man Singh of Amber. In 1669 Rana Raj Singh was appointed The Subehdar of The Sindh Who served until 1679.
Maharana Amar Singh War & Fights
Amar Singh fought numerous wars with Jahangir during his continuance. Jahangir was against such a palm over Mewar which gave birth to contest between both. After the death of Akbar, Mewar was given back to Amar Singh by Jahangir under his mastery but insurrections latterly led by Amar Singh asked Jahangir to go for peregrinations. The first passage Jahangir transferred after his coronation was against Amar Singh.
He transferred Prince Parviz and Asaf Khan, who led an army of steed which fought a battle against Rana Amar Singh at Dewar in time 1606, which was fought in a vale of Aravalli about 40 km north-east of Kumbhalgarh. Amar Singh showed great frippery in Battle of Dewar and in the battle Amar Singh killed the Mughal commander in charge, Sultan Khan. He thrust his shaft with such a force that the armament struck in the ground after piercing the strong fleece of correspondence and chaste and the steed of Sultan Khan. Amar Singh was suitable to defend his homes in the battle.
Jahangir transferred another army against Amar Singh in 1608 under Mahabat Khan in which though Mughals won but they couldn’t make any decisive change to base situation.
Latterly an passage was again transferred under leadership of Prince Shah Jahan, which caused important damage to life and property of Mewar. Numerous tabernacles were destroyed and several townlets put on fire and ladies and children were captured and tortured to make Amar Singh accept rendition.
Eventually, after Mewar was really damaged financially and in force due to several battles against Mughals, Amar Singh allowed it was prudent politic move to start accommodations with them and eventually, entered into a convention with Shah Jahan (who negotiated on behalf of Jahangir) in 1615.
In the convention, it was agreed that Sovereign of Mewar, won’t be bound to present himself in person at Mughal court, rather, a son or family of the Rana would stay upon the mughal emperor and serve him. Therefore, Prince Bhim (the youngish family of Amar Singh) served Shah Jahan in the deccan. It was also agreed that the Ranas of Mewar would not enter nuptial relations with the mughals. Further, it was agreed that Mewar would have to keep a contingent of 1500 horsewomen in the Mughal service. Eventually, it was agreed that the stronghold of Chittor would noway be repaired. The reason for this last condition was that the Chittor stronghold was a veritably important fortification and the mughals were cautious of it being used in any unborn rebellion.
Latterly, when Amar Singh went to meet Jahangir at Ajmer, he was given a warm hello by Mughal Emperor and the homes around Chittor along with the Chittorgarh Fort were given back to Mewar in 1616 by Jahangir, as goodwill gesture. Still, the Chittorgarh stronghold was noway inhabited completely and Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar State.
Amar Singh was loved by his pupils and chiefs for the rates like frippery, leadership, valor, justice and kindness and it’s believed that during a war with Mughal’s he was believed to have shown great valor which gave him the title‘Chakraveer’.
Amar Singh failed on 26 January 1620 at Udaipur and was succeeded by his eldest son Karan Singh II.
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