Guru Amar Das Ji Short Biography

Guru Amar Das JI
Guru Amar Das JI

Mini Bio

Guru Amar Das Ji (5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574), occasionally spelled as Guru Amardas, was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and came Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552 at age 73.

Before getting a Sikh (Shishya from Sanskrit), on a passage after having been urged to search for a Guru, he heard his whoreson’s woman, Bibi Amro, reciting a hymn by Guru Nanak, and was deeply moved by it. Bibi Amro was the son of Guru Angad, the alternate and also current Guru of the Sikhs. Amar Das converted Bibi Amro to introduce him to her father and in 1539, Amar Das, at the age of sixty, met Guru Angad and came a Sikh, devoting himself to the Guru. In 1552, before his death, Guru Angad appointed Amar Das as Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of Sikhism.

Guru Amar Das was an important inventor in The training of Guru who introduced a religious association called the’manji system by appointing trained church, a system that expanded and survives into the contemporary period. He wrote and collected hymns into a Pothi ( book) that eventually helped produce the Adi Granth.

Guru Amar Das remained the leader of the Sikhs till age 95, and named his son-in- law Bhai Jetha latterly remembered by the name Guru Ram Das as his successor.

Important Information

Guru Amar Das Ji was born to mama Bakht Kaur ( also known as Lakshmi or Rup Kaur) and father Tej Bhan Bhalla on 5 May 1479 in Basarke vill in what’s now called Amritsar quarter of Punjab (India). He married Mansa Devi and they had four children which they named as Mohri, Mohan, Dani and Bhani.

Amar Das had followed the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism for important of his life. reputed to have gone on some twenty pilgrimages into the Himalayas, to Haridwar on swash Ganges. About 1539, on one similar Hindu passage, he met a Hindu monk (sadhu) who asked him why he didn’t have a practitioner ( schoolteacher, spiritual counsellor) and Amar Das decided to get one. On his return, he heard Bibi Amro, the son of the Sikh Guru Angad, singing a hymn by Guru Nanak. He learnt from her about Guru Angad, and with her help met the alternate Practitioner of Sikhism and espoused him as his spiritual Practitioner who was important youngish than his own age.

He’s notorious in the Sikh tradition for his grim service to Guru Angad, with legends about waking up in the early hours and costing water for his Guru’s bath, drawing and cooking for the levies with the Guru, as well devoting important time to contemplation and prayers in the morning and evening. Practitioner Angad named Amar Das his successor in 1552, rather of picking of his surviving son Shri Chand.

He failed in 1574, in Goindwal Sahib and like other Sikh Gurus he was cremated, with the” flowers” ( remaining bones and ash after the cremation) immersed into harisar ( flowing waters).

Training

Guru Amar Das Ji tutored with His own life the meaning of Guru Service, also known in Punjabi religious parlance as Guru Sewa. Practitioner Amar Das emphasised both spiritual hobbies as well as an ethical diurnal life. He encouraged his followers to wake up before dawn, do their ablutions and also meditate in silent insulation. A good sucker, tutored Amar Das, should be veracious, keep his mind in control, eat only when empty, seek the company of pious men, worship the Lord, make an honest living, serve holy men, not covet another’s wealth and noway libel others. He recommended holy devotion with Guru image in his follower’s heart.
He was also a leftist, and discouraged veiling of women’s faces (a Muslim custom) as well as sati (a Hindu custom). He encouraged the Kshatriya people to fight in order to cover people and for the sake of justice, stating this is Dharma.

Influence
Religious association
Practitioner Amar Das started the tradition of appointing manji ( zones of religious administration with an appointed chief called sangatias), introduced the dasvandh (“the tenth”of income) system of profit collection in the name of Guru and as pooled community religious resource, (6) and the celebrated langar tradition of Sikhism where anyone, without demarcation of any kind, could get a free mess in a collaborative seating. He also started and inaugurated the 84- position step well called baoli at Goindval with a sleeping place, modeled along the lines of the Indian tradition of dharmsala, which also came a Sikh passage (tirath) center.

Akbar
He met the Mughal Emperor Akbar. According to the Sikh legend, he neither entered Akbar nor was Akbar directly steered to him, rather the Guru suggested that Akbar like everyone sit on the bottom and eat in the langar with everyone before their first meeting. Akbar, who sought to encourage forbearance and acceptance across religious lines, readily accepted the suggestion. After the conclusion of the Langar, Akbar sat in the congregation with the rest of the sangat and asked the Guru a question. The Sikh histories called janam-sakhis citation that Guru Amar Das converted Akbar to repeal the duty on Hindu pilgrims going to Haridwar.

Rituals in Sikhism marriage, carnivals, burial
. Practitioner Amar Das composed the giddy hymn called Anand and made it a part of the ritual of Sikh marriage called”Anand Karaj”, which literally means” joyful event”.
The Anand hymn is sung, in contemporary times, not only during Sikh marriages but also at major fests. Corridor of the”Anand hymn”are recited in Sikh tabernacles (Gurdwara) every evening, at the picking of a Sikh baby, as well as during a Sikh burial. It’s a section of the Anand Sahib composition of Guru Amar Das, published on runners 917 to 922 of the Adi Granth and set to the”Ramkali”raga.

Guru Amar Das’s entire Anand Sahib composition is a verbal blend of Panjabi and Hindi languages, reflecting Guru Amar Das’ parenting and background. The hymn celebrates the freedom from suffering and anxiety, the union of the soul with the godly, describing a sucker’s bliss achieved through the Practitioner with inner devotion and by repeating the Name of the Creator. The hymn states in stanza 19 that the Vedas educate”the Name is supreme”, in stanza 27 that Smriti and Shastra bandy the good and the bad but are fantastic because they warrant a Practitioner and that it’s the grace of the Practitioner which awakens the heart and the devotion to the Name. The hymn celebrates the life of a householder and constant inner devotion to the One, ending each stanza with the characteristic”says Nanak”.

Guru Amar Das is also credited in the Sikh tradition to have encouraged structure of tabernacles and places where Sikhs could gather together on carnivals similar as Maghi, Diwali and Vaisakhi. He needed his votaries to gather together for prayers and collaborative fests in afterlife for Diwali and in spring for Vaisakhi, both post crop ancient carnivals of India.

Point of the Golden Temple
Guru Amar Das Ji named the point in Amritsar vill for a special tabernacle, that Guru Ram Das began erecting, Guru Arjan completed and inaugurated, and the Sikh Emperor Ranjit Singh bejeweled. This tabernacle has evolved into the contemporary”Harimandir Sahib”, or the tabernacle of Hari (God), also known as the Golden Temple. It’s the most sacred passage point in Sikhism.

Foundations and Book
Scholars Similar as Pashaura Singh, LouisE. Fenech and William McLeod state that Guru Amar Das was influential in introducing” distinctive features, pilgrimages, carnivals, tabernacles and rituals”that ever since his time have been an integral part of Sikhism. He’s also remembered as the inventor who began the collection of hymns now known as Goindwal Pothi or Mohan Pothi, the precursor to what came the Adi Granth – the first edition of Sikh Book – under the fifth Sikh Master, which eventually surfaced as the Guru Granth Sahib under the tenth Sikh Master. The nearly 900 hymns composed by Guru Amar Das constitute the third largest part, or about 15, of the Guru Granth Sahib.

In popular culture
Guru Amar Das Ji is a 1979 talkie film, directed by Prem Prakash and produced by the Government of India’s Flicks Division, covering his life and training.

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