Guru Ram Das (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. He was born on 24 September 1534 in a family grounded in Lahore. His birth name was Jetha, and he was orphaned at age 7, he there after grew up with his motherly grandmother in a village.
At age 12, Bhai Jetha and his grandmother moved to Goindval, where they met Guru Amar Das. The boy later accepted Guru Amar Das as his tutor and served him. The son of Guru Amar Das married Bhai Jetha, and he therefore came part of Guru Amar Das’s family. As with the first two Gurus of Sikhism, Guru Amar Das rather of choosing his own sons, chose Bhai Jetha as his successor and renamed him as Ram Das or” menial of god.
Practitioner Ram Das came the Guru of Sikhism in 1574 and served as the 4th practitioner until he gave up his body in 1581. He faced hostility from the sons of Amar Das, and shifted his sanctioned base to lands linked by Amar Das as Guru-ka-Chak. This recently innovated city was eponymous Ramdaspur, latterly to evolve and be renamed as Amritsar – the holiest megacity of Sikhism. He’s also remembered in the Sikh tradition for expanding the manji association for pastoral movables and donation collections to theologically and economically support the Sikh movement. He appointed his own son as his successor, and unlike the first four Gurus who weren’t related through descent, the fifth through tenth Sikh Gurus were the direct descendants of Ram Das.
The Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das in Lahore, Pakistan, commemorates the motherland of the Guru.
Practitioner Ram Das was born on 24 September 1534 in a Sodhi Khatri family in Chuna Mandi, Lahore. His father was Hari Das and mama Daya Kaur, both of whom failed when he was aged seven. He was brought up by his grandmother. He married Bibi Bhani, the youngish son of Amar Das. They had three sons Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan.
Before getting Guru, Ram Das represented Guru Amar Das in the Mughal court.
Death and race
Guru Ram Das Ji failed on 1 September 1581, in Goindval city of Punjab.
Of his three sons, Ram Das chose Arjan, the youthful, to succeed him as the fifth Sikh Practitioner. The choice of successor led to controversies and internal divisions among the Sikhs. The elder son of Ram Das named Prithi Chand is remembered in the Sikh tradition as vehemently opposing Arjan, creating a body Sikh community which the Sikhs following Arjan called as Minas (literally,”scoundrels”), and is contended to have tried to croak youthful Hargobind. Still, alternate contending textbooks written by the Prithi Chand led Sikh body to offer a different story, contradict this explanation on Hargobind’s life, and present the elder son of Ram Das as devoted to his youngish family Arjan. The contending textbooks do admit disagreement and describe Prithi Chand as having come the Sahib Guru after the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev and disputing the race of Guru Hargobind, the grandson of Ram Das.
Guru Ram Das is credited with launching the holy megacity of Amritsar in the Sikh tradition. Two performances of stories live regarding the land where Ram Das settled. In one grounded on a Gazetteer record, the land was bought with Sikh donations, for 700 rupees from the possessors of the vill of Tung.
According to the Sikh literal records, the point was chosen by Guru Amar Das and called Guru Da Chakk, after he’d asked Ram Das to find land to start a new city with a man made pool as its central point. After his coronation in 1574, and the hostile opposition he faced from the sons of Amar Das, Ram Das innovated the city named after him as”Ramdaspur”. He started by completing the pool, and erecting his new sanctioned Guru centre and home coming to it. He invited merchandisers and crafters from other corridor of India to settle into the new city with him. The city expanded during the time of Arjan financed by donations and constructed by voluntary work. The city grew to come the megacity of Amritsar, and the pool area grew into a tabernacle complex after his son erected the gurdwara Harmandir Sahib, and installed the Book of Sikhism inside the new tabernacle in 1604.
The construction exertion between 1574 and 1604 is described in Mahima Prakash Vartak, asemi-historical Sikh history textbook likely composed in 1741, and the foremost known document dealing with the lives of all the ten Gurus.
Ram Das composed 638 hymns, or about ten percent of hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib. He was a famed minstrel, and composed his work in 30 ancient ragas of Indian classical music.
These cover a range of motifs
One who calls himself to be a convert of the Guru should rise before dawn and meditate on the Lord’s Name. During the early hours, he should rise and bathe, sanctifying his soul in a tank of quencher (water), while he repeats the Name the Guru has spoken to him. By this procedure he truly washes down the sins of his soul.
The Name of God fills my heart with joy. My great fortune is to meditate on God’s name. The phenomenon of God’s name is attained through the perfect Practitioner, but only a rare soul walks in the light of the Guru’s wisdom.
O man! The bane of pride is killing you, bedazzling you to God. Your body, the colour of gold, has been scarred and discoloured by egoism. Visions of majesty turn black, but the pride- maniac is attached to them.
— Guru Granth Sahib, Restated byG.S. Mansukhani
His compositions continue to be sung daily in Harimandir Sahib (Golden tabernacle) of Sikhism.
Guru Ram Das Ji, along with Amar Das, are credited with colorful corridor of the Anand and Laavan composition in Suhi mode. It’s a part of the ritual of four clockwise circumambulation of the Sikh Book by the bridegroom and bachelor to memorialize the marriage in Sikh tradition. This was intermittently used, and its use lapsed in late 18th century. Still, eventually in 19th or 20th century by clashing accounts, the composition of Ram Das came back in use along with Anand Karaj form, replacing the Hindu ritual of circumambulation around the fire. The composition of Ram Das surfaced to be one of the base of British social period Anand Marriage Act of 1909.
The marriage hymn was composed by Ram Das for his own son’s marriage. The first stanza of the Laavan hymn by Ram Das refers to the duties of the householder’s life to accept the Guru’s word as companion, remember the Divine Name. The alternate verse and circle reminds the singular One is encountered everyplace and in the depths of the tone. The third speaks of the Divine Love. The fourth reminds that the union of the two is the union of the individual with the Horizonless.
While Guru Amar Das ji introduced the manji system of religious association, Ram Das extended it with adding the masand institution. The masand were Sikh community leaders who lived far from the Guru, but acted to lead the distant congregations, their collective relations and collect profit for Sikh conditioning and tabernacle structure. This institutional association famously helped grow Sikhism in the decades that followed, but came ignominious in the period of latterly Gurus, for its corruption and its abuse in financing rival Sikh movements in times of race controversies.
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