Mewar Empire History
Mewar or Mewad is a region in the south-central part of Rajasthan state of India. It includes the present- day sections of Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Pirawa Tehsil of Jhalawar District of Rajasthan, Neemuch and Mandsaur of Madhya Pradesh and some corridor of Gujarat.
For centuries, the region was ruled by Rajputs. The kingly state of Udaipur surfaced as an executive unit during the period of British East India Company governance in India and remained until the end of the British Raj period.
The Mewar region lies between the Aravali Range to the northwest, Ajmer to the north, Gujarat and the Vagad region of Rajasthan to the south, the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state to the southeast and the Hadoti region of Rajasthan to the east.
The word”Mewar”is conversational form of Medapata the ancient name of the region. The foremost epigraph that mentions the word Medapata is a 996 – 997 CE (1053 VS) necrology discovered at Hathundi (Bijapur). The word pata or pataka refers to an executive unit. According to the annalist G.C. Raychaudhuri, Medapata was named after the Meda lineage, which has been mentioned in Varāhamihira’s Brihat-Samhita. The 1460 Kumbhalgarh necrology associates the Medas with Vardhana-giri ultramodern Badnor in Mewar region. Historian Sashi Bhusan Chaudhuri associates the ancient Medas with the ultramodern Mer people.
The 1285 CE (1342 VS) Mount Abu (Achaleshwar) necrology of the Guhila king Samarasimha provides the following etymology while describing the military vanquishing of his ancestor Bappa Rawal (Bappaka)”This country which was, in battle, completely submerged in the sopping fat of wicked people by Bappaka bears the name of Śrī Medapāṭa.”Historian Anil Chandra Banerjee dismisses this as a” lyrical fancy.
The northern and eastern portions of Mewar are made up of an elevated table while the western and southern portions were rocky and hilly with thick timbers. The watershed peak between drainage of the Bay of Bengal and drainage of the Gulf of Khambhat runs nearly through the centre of Mewar. The northern and eastern part of Mewar is a gently leaning straight, drained by the Bedach and Banas River and its feeders, which empty northwest into the Chambal River, a influent of the Yamuna River. The southern and western part of the region is hilly, and marks the peak between the Banas and its feeders and the headstream of the Sabarmati and Mahi gutters and their feeders, which drain south into the Gulf of Khambhat through Gujarat state. The Aravalli Range, which forms the northwestern boundary of the region, is composed substantially of sedimentary jewels, like marble and Kota Stone, which has traditionally been an important construction material.
The region is part of the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous timbers’ecoregion. Defended areas include the Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary, the Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, the Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary and the Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary.
Mewar has a tropical climate. Downfall pars 660 mm/ time, and is generally advanced in the southwest and lower in the northeast of the region. Over 90 of the rain generally falls in the period of June to September every time, during the southwest thunderstorm.
List of King of Mewar :-
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